History of Bhakkar

Bhakkar

Bhakkar is the city principle of Bhakkar District. It is located at 31˚37’60N 71˚4’0E at an elevation of 159 metres and lies on the left bank of the Indus river. It has a population of 16,50,518 (as per 2017 census)  and was given status of district in 1982.

History of Bhakkar (GEO TV Program Khabarnaak)

Bhakkar city is the administrative centre of Bhakkar Tehsil. There are four tehsils in District Bhakkar. The District is subdivided into 64 union councils.

Etymology and History

History of Bhakkar is very old there are many myths, mysteries and variety of elaborations about Bhakkar. Some say that the original name of Bhakkar was Sakhar and with the passage of time it became Bhakkar.

Some say that it was said to be named after the great Balouch Sardar, an adventurer, who was leading a body of colonists from Dera Ismail Khan, it was towards the close of the fifteenth century they say that the descendants were ousted later on by Ahmad Shah Abdali, a great invader.

British rule

During British rule Bhakkar Town was headquarters of Bhakkar Tehsil (now Bhakkar District) in Mianwali District, and was on the North-Western Railway line. The municipality was created in 1874. Its income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 7,700. The income in 1903-4 was Rs. 7,500, chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 8,600. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 5,312, at that time the town contained a dispensary and a municipal vernacular middle school.

The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the town as follows:

“It stands on the edge of the Thal or sandy plain overlooking the low-lying alluvial lands along; the river, a channel of which is navigable as far as Bhakkar during the floods. To the west of the town the land is low, well cultivated, and subject to inundation, while to the east the country is high and dry, treeless, and sandy. A rich extent of land irrigated from wells lies below the town, protected by embankments from inundations of the Indus, and produces two or three crops in the year. The neighboring riverain is full of date groves and fruit gardens; and in it stands a famous mango-tree, the fruit of which used to be sent to Kabul in the old days of Afghan rule.”

Relics

The town has some historical places like the Dilkusha Bagh which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun, however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bhakkar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by historian Henry Raverty.
The old town was walled and had the Tavela, Imamanwala and King Gates, of the three the King Gate, which was built during the British period and was named after Mr. King the then Deputy Commissioner of the Mianwali District, survives – since the end of colonial rule it has been renamed as the Jinnah Gate
There are remains of a handera (tomb) near Sheikh Raoo bridge, which is believed to be the burial place of Bhakkar Khan, the founder of the city. The old city police station was originally a Baloch fortress. Some 30 years ago a branch of River Indus flowed past the town. West side of the town was green and pleasant.

Blouch

Balouch, from the very foundation of Bhakkar, balouch are the key figure in its whole history, balouch came to Bhakkar from two ways.

v    HOOT BALOUCH, they came to Bhakkar from Dera Ismail Khan, they crossed the Indus River & invaded Bhakkar, about the close of the fifteenth century.

v    RIND BLOUCH, they were sub divided into Mamdani and Jiskani Balouch, they came from Kaich Makran & Sibi Balouchistan.

The very first tribe who invaded Bhakkar was Mamdani, later on Jiskani tribe came and became the ruler very soon, now all other tribes became their allies, the state of blouchs was now on its boom, it has now got spread to boundaries of Mianwali, Kot-Adu and Indus river. Mankera fort was the headquarter and strong hold, Bhakkar was a small fort as compare to Mankera.
Blouch tribe enjoy their rule till the close of the eighteenth century until the fall of Abdul Ghani Kalhora in Sindh, this was the incident of 1790, now Kalhora backed by the Afghan Govt. was very much weak, Kalhora got capture Bhakkar very easily, the Blouch tribe scattered, some were ruined, some flee to Layyah some to Bahawal Pur some to Kala Maoza near Shaddan Lund, and some hide them in Jungles.

Latter on when Kalhora became the rebel to Afghan govt. he was attacked and replaced by Nawab Muzafar, who was also backed by Afghan govt.
At that time a very renouned Balouch leader Muhammad Khan gathered the scattered Blouches & invaded the Muzafar rule, now he became the ruler & got the epithet sir Buland Khan.

Sir Buland Khan ruled for about five to six years when the Sikh came there & the Sikh invaded got captured Bhakkar in 1821.
Blouch were basically invaded, hunters, who were very fond of camels, very few of them were farmers, they ruled the Bhakkar state for a long time, now too they are also a big tribe, enjoy the majority & strong hold of Bhakkar all the main politicians & rulers i.e. Nawani, Shahani are Blouch.
They are also playing a key role for world Blouch warma.

Chairman & Administrators of District Council Bhakkar (1982 to 2000)

No. Name Designation Period
01 Riaz Ahmad Choudhry (DC) Administrator  01-07-1982 to 21-09-1982
02 Malik Ghazanfar Ali Khoawar Chairman  22-09-1982 to 17-10-1983
03 Riaz Ahmad Choudhry (DC) Administrator  18-10-1983 to 13-11-1983
04 Rashid Akbar Khan Niwani Chairman  14-11-1983 to 04-02-1986
05 M. Zafar Ullah Khan Khanan Khel Chairman  05-02-1986 to 27-11-1987
06 Syed Muhammad Hamid (DC) Administrator  28-11-1987 to 20-11-1988
07 Rashid Akbar Khan Niwani Chairman  21-11-1988 to 18-10-1990
08 Aziz Ahmad Khan Masti Khel Chairman  19-10-1990 to 29-01-1992
09 Saeed Pervez Khan Dhandhla Chairman  30-11-1992 to 15-08-1993
10 Naseem Gani (DC) Administrator  16-08-1993 to 31-03-1995
11 Faqeer Syed Anwar ul Din (DC) Administrator  02-04-1995 to 08-08-1996
12 Nusrat Hayat (DC) Administrator  08-08-1996 to 06-03-1997
13 Saif Ullah Chatha (DC) Administrator  07-03-1997 to 02-02-1998
14 Syed Mazhar Farid (DC) Administrator  03-02-1998 to 04-02-1999
15 M. Hashim Tareen (DC) Administrator  04-02-1999 to 24-03-1999
16 Saeed Pervez Khan Dhandhla Chairman  24-03-1999 to 15-10-1999
17 M. Hashim Tareen (DC) Administrator  15-10-1999
18 Choudhry Gulam Sarwar Chatha (DC) Administrator  Till 14-04-2001

Nazims

No. District Nazim Naib Nazim Period
01 Hameed Akbar Khan Niwani Anyat Ullah Khan Shahani August 2001 to August 2005
02 Hameed Akbar Khan Niwani Rana Aftab Ahmad October 2005 to February 2010

DCOs

No. DCO Period
01 Khalid Hanif 14-08-2001 to 05-03-2003
02 Abdul Basit Sohail 05-03-2003 to 27-04-2004
03 Bashir Ahmad Choudhry 27-04-2004 to 17-04-2008
04 Nayar Iqbal 17-04-2008 to
05 Asif Qurashi

Demography

Bhakkar is now a bustling town, with population of more than one million six hundred fifty thousands, Saraiki is the dominant language in the District.

The main tribes (Zaats) in Bhakkar are:

Abbasi Mughal Niazi Arain Awan Balouch Bhatti Chadhar Chap Chhina Choudhry Combo Lodhi Naich  Qureshi Rana Rawn Samtia Sandi Siyal Syed Jakhar

Languages

Saraiki is main language of people .Urdu and Punjabi are next to Saraiki language.

Colleges
There is only one Sargodha University Campus and 19 Government Colleges in District Bhakkar.

Tehsil Male Female Commerce Total
Bhakkar 2 3 1 6
Darya Khan 2 2 1 5
Kallur Kot 2 2 1 5
Mankera 1 1 1 3

Hospitals and Medical Centers

•             District Headquarter Hospital Bhakkar

•        Nasir Hospital

•        Jatial Hospital

•        Safdar Hospital

•        Abdulah Hospital

•        Yasir Medical Centre

•        Sidiq Medical Complex

(Complete list of Hospital alongwith contact numbers and address)

Specialties

•             Bhakkar’s famous souvenir was Karna oil, which was extracted from karna flower which is also Exported to Middle East. Channa is the major crop here.

Industry

  • Afzal Khan Trolley Maker                          
    • Awais Ice Factory           
    • Awias Industries (PVT) LTD   
    • Bhakkar Flour Mill                            
    • FECTO Sugar Mills                         
    • Friends Ginning & Oil Mills              
    • Ghulam Rasool Engineering Works         
    • Hamza Oil Mill                        
    • Ikram Mughal Zari Industry    
    • Javeed Machinery Store
    • Madina Bricks Company
    • Madina Cotton Factory & Makki Oil Mill    
    • Makka Cotton Mills                          
    • Mehboob Aslam Engineering & Repair shop      
    • Mughal Abdur Rehman Agro Industries    
    • Mughal Workshop                 
    • Nawaz Flour and General Mills 34 TDA , Jhang road           
    • Rahim Bricks & Research Centre