Bhakkar is the city principle of Bhakkar District. It is located at 31˚37’60N 71˚4’0E at an elevation of 159 metres and lies on the left bank of the Indus river. It has a population of 16,50,518 (as per 2017 census) and was given status of district in 1982.
Bhakkar city is the administrative centre of Bhakkar Tehsil. There are four tehsils in District Bhakkar. The District is subdivided into 64 union councils.
Etymology and History
History of Bhakkar is very old there are many myths, mysteries and variety of elaborations about Bhakkar. Some say that the original name of Bhakkar was Sakhar and with the passage of time it became Bhakkar.
Some say that it was said to be named after the great Balouch Sardar, an adventurer, who was leading a body of colonists from Dera Ismail Khan, it was towards the close of the fifteenth century they say that the descendants were ousted later on by Ahmad Shah Abdali, a great invader.
During British rule Bhakkar Town was headquarters of Bhakkar Tehsil (now Bhakkar District) in Mianwali District, and was on the North-Western Railway line. The municipality was created in 1874. Its income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 7,700. The income in 1903-4 was Rs. 7,500, chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 8,600. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 5,312, at that time the town contained a dispensary and a municipal vernacular middle school.
The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the town as follows:
“It stands on the edge of the Thal or sandy plain overlooking the low-lying alluvial lands along; the river, a channel of which is navigable as far as Bhakkar during the floods. To the west of the town the land is low, well cultivated, and subject to inundation, while to the east the country is high and dry, treeless, and sandy. A rich extent of land irrigated from wells lies below the town, protected by embankments from inundations of the Indus, and produces two or three crops in the year. The neighboring riverain is full of date groves and fruit gardens; and in it stands a famous mango-tree, the fruit of which used to be sent to Kabul in the old days of Afghan rule.”
The town has some historical places like the
Dilkusha Bagh which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun,
however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to
another Bhakkar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however
denied by historian Henry Raverty.
The old town was walled and had the Tavela, Imamanwala and King Gates, of the three the King Gate, which was built during the British period and was named after Mr. King the then Deputy Commissioner of the Mianwali District, survives – since the end of colonial rule it has been renamed as the Jinnah Gate
There are remains of a handera (tomb) near Sheikh Raoo bridge, which is believed to be the burial place of Bhakkar Khan, the founder of the city. The old city police station was originally a Baloch fortress. Some 30 years ago a branch of River Indus flowed past the town. West side of the town was green and pleasant.
Balouch, from the very foundation of Bhakkar, balouch are the key figure in its whole history, balouch came to Bhakkar from two ways.
v HOOT BALOUCH, they came to Bhakkar from Dera Ismail Khan, they crossed the Indus River & invaded Bhakkar, about the close of the fifteenth century.
v RIND BLOUCH, they were sub divided into Mamdani and Jiskani Balouch, they came from Kaich Makran & Sibi Balouchistan.
The very first tribe who
invaded Bhakkar was Mamdani, later on Jiskani tribe came and became the ruler
very soon, now all other tribes became their allies, the state of blouchs was
now on its boom, it has now got spread to boundaries of Mianwali, Kot-Adu and
Indus river. Mankera fort was the headquarter and strong hold, Bhakkar was a
small fort as compare to Mankera.
Blouch tribe enjoy their rule till the close of the eighteenth century until the fall of Abdul Ghani Kalhora in Sindh, this was the incident of 1790, now Kalhora backed by the Afghan Govt. was very much weak, Kalhora got capture Bhakkar very easily, the Blouch tribe scattered, some were ruined, some flee to Layyah some to Bahawal Pur some to Kala Maoza near Shaddan Lund, and some hide them in Jungles.
Latter on when Kalhora
became the rebel to Afghan govt. he was attacked and replaced by Nawab Muzafar,
who was also backed by Afghan govt.
At that time a very renouned Balouch leader Muhammad Khan gathered the scattered Blouches & invaded the Muzafar rule, now he became the ruler & got the epithet sir Buland Khan.
Sir Buland Khan ruled for about five to six years when the Sikh came there & the Sikh invaded got captured Bhakkar in 1821.
Blouch were basically invaded, hunters, who were very fond of camels, very few of them were farmers, they ruled the Bhakkar state for a long time, now too they are also a big tribe, enjoy the majority & strong hold of Bhakkar all the main politicians & rulers i.e. Nawani, Shahani are Blouch.
They are also playing a key role for world Blouch warma.
Chairman & Administrators of District Council Bhakkar (1982 to 2000)
|01||Riaz Ahmad Choudhry (DC)||Administrator||01-07-1982 to 21-09-1982|
|02||Malik Ghazanfar Ali Khoawar||Chairman||22-09-1982 to 17-10-1983|
|03||Riaz Ahmad Choudhry (DC)||Administrator||18-10-1983 to 13-11-1983|
|04||Rashid Akbar Khan Niwani||Chairman||14-11-1983 to 04-02-1986|
|05||M. Zafar Ullah Khan Khanan Khel||Chairman||05-02-1986 to 27-11-1987|
|06||Syed Muhammad Hamid (DC)||Administrator||28-11-1987 to 20-11-1988|
|07||Rashid Akbar Khan Niwani||Chairman||21-11-1988 to 18-10-1990|
|08||Aziz Ahmad Khan Masti Khel||Chairman||19-10-1990 to 29-01-1992|
|09||Saeed Pervez Khan Dhandhla||Chairman||30-11-1992 to 15-08-1993|
|10||Naseem Gani (DC)||Administrator||16-08-1993 to 31-03-1995|
|11||Faqeer Syed Anwar ul Din (DC)||Administrator||02-04-1995 to 08-08-1996|
|12||Nusrat Hayat (DC)||Administrator||08-08-1996 to 06-03-1997|
|13||Saif Ullah Chatha (DC)||Administrator||07-03-1997 to 02-02-1998|
|14||Syed Mazhar Farid (DC)||Administrator||03-02-1998 to 04-02-1999|
|15||M. Hashim Tareen (DC)||Administrator||04-02-1999 to 24-03-1999|
|16||Saeed Pervez Khan Dhandhla||Chairman||24-03-1999 to 15-10-1999|
|17||M. Hashim Tareen (DC)||Administrator||15-10-1999|
|18||Choudhry Gulam Sarwar Chatha (DC)||Administrator||Till 14-04-2001|
|No.||District Nazim||Naib Nazim||Period|
|01||Hameed Akbar Khan Niwani||Anyat Ullah Khan Shahani||August 2001 to August 2005|
|02||Hameed Akbar Khan Niwani||Rana Aftab Ahmad||October 2005 to February 2010|
|01||Khalid Hanif||14-08-2001 to 05-03-2003|
|02||Abdul Basit Sohail||05-03-2003 to 27-04-2004|
|03||Bashir Ahmad Choudhry||27-04-2004 to 17-04-2008|
|04||Nayar Iqbal||17-04-2008 to|
Bhakkar is now a bustling town, with population of more than one million six hundred fifty thousands, Saraiki is the dominant language in the District.
The main tribes (Zaats) in Bhakkar are:
|Abbasi Mughal Niazi Arain Awan Balouch Bhatti Chadhar||Chap Chhina Choudhry Combo Lodhi Naich Qureshi||Rana Rawn Samtia Sandi Siyal Syed Jakhar|
Saraiki is main language of people .Urdu and Punjabi are next to Saraiki language.
There is only one Sargodha University Campus and 19 Government Colleges in District Bhakkar.
Hospitals and Medical Centers
• District Headquarter Hospital Bhakkar
• Nasir Hospital
• Jatial Hospital
• Safdar Hospital
• Abdulah Hospital
• Yasir Medical Centre
• Sidiq Medical Complex
(Complete list of Hospital alongwith contact numbers and address)
• Bhakkar’s famous souvenir was Karna oil, which was extracted from karna flower which is also Exported to Middle East. Channa is the major crop here.
- Afzal Khan Trolley Maker
- Awais Ice Factory
- Awias Industries (PVT) LTD
- Bhakkar Flour Mill
- FECTO Sugar Mills
- Friends Ginning & Oil Mills
- Ghulam Rasool Engineering Works
- Hamza Oil Mill
- Ikram Mughal Zari Industry
- Javeed Machinery Store
- Madina Bricks Company
- Madina Cotton Factory & Makki Oil Mill
- Makka Cotton Mills
- Mehboob Aslam Engineering & Repair shop
- Mughal Abdur Rehman Agro Industries
- Mughal Workshop
- Nawaz Flour and General Mills 34 TDA , Jhang road
- Rahim Bricks & Research Centre